The Authoritative Resource for Information about Bram Stoker’s Life and Work


George Stoker


B. 20 July 18 1854 at Artane Lodge, Fairview, Dublin, Ireland

D. 23 March 1920 at Bath, England

Educated at Rathmines School and the Royal College of Physicians in Dublin

Honor of the Medjidie (4th Class). L.R.C.S.I. 1876; M.R.C.P.I. and M.R.C.S. England, 1882;

J.P. for County Kerry; Hon. Assoc. of Order of St. John of Jerusalem in England. Vice-Pres. (formerly

Pres. British Laryngological Assoc.: Fellow of Med. Soc. of London; Member of Pathological and

Clinical Socs.; Physician to London Throat Hospital; Hon. Medical Officer of Actors’ Benevolent Fund.

Formerly Surgeon to Hospital for Diseases of the Throat (Golden Square)

Major George Stoker was Surgeon in the Imperial Ottoman Army, and Medical Officer to the

Bulgarian Relief Fund 1877. During the Turko-Russian War 1876-8 he acted as

Chef de L’Ambulance du Croissant Rouge and as Stafford House Commr.

during Zulu War 1870-80 (medal). Initiated and organised Civil Hospital in S. Africa 1899-1900;

and served as Second Surgeon Irish Hospital (Despatches, medal with three clasps, C.M.G.)



Advertisement in the Medical Press and Circular

2 April 1884

Page updated 4 October 2011

The Outlook: in Life, Politics, Letters and the Arts

Vol. IV 5 August 1899, to 27 January 1900

Dr. George Stoker is a genial Irishman, bearded, bluff, and full of gentle blarney. When in New Zealand he noticed the benefit the Maori derived from ascending high mountains. He adapted this fact to civilization by opening the Oxygen Home, in which an injured limb is encased in an air-tight cylinder filled by tubes with pure oxygen. Baroness Burdett-Coutts took up the idea with enthusiasm, and Dr. Stoker's brother, Bram Stoker, obtained the support of the theatrical profession. The Home has faced the opposition of neighbours and of physicians; it has now worn down its foes, and is doing healing work in unobtrusive fashion.

(Webmaster note: reference to New Zealand in the above article is inaccurate.)

The Ludgate 
illustrated magazine, Volume 6, 1898
The Surgeon’s Knife
By Alexis Krause and E.S. Green

 The most recent, and undoubtedly the most extraordinary discovery yet made in surgery has only just emerged from the experimental stage, and is now in actual progress in a special hospital in London. The discovery in question is the more remarkable inasmuch as its method reverses the methods that have gone before it. For centuries past, the evolution of surgical knowledge has been the growth of new methods of operation; and increased dexterity in the use of the knife has been the great factor in the results attained. The new discovery, known as the oxygen treatment, on the other hand, renders operations unnecessary, and, while the treatment is purely surgical, it is so called on account of the nature of the cases treated, and not because of the methods employed.

The new departure in surgical treatment has been introduced by Mr. George Stoker, a well-known surgeon, who was officially attached to the Zulu Boundary Commission. While in Africa, Mr. Stoker was greatly struck by the methods in vogue among the Zulus, who treated their wounded in a manner which attracted his attention. They refused all offers of surgical aid, nor did they indulge in the charms or magic so customary among semi-savage tribes. Natives who were suffering from gunshot wounds, burns, etc., were simply conveyed up a high mountain, where they were kept for a week or two, and their wounds were in every case found to have healed thoroughly during their voluntary exile from the plains. Mr. Stoker took pains to examine the mystery of these speedy recoveries, and satisfied himself that they were due to the unusually pure air to be found at the great altitude resorted to. He came to the conclusion that the atmosphere in that particular place contained an unusual proportion of pure oxygen, and, having formed this opinion, he began experimenting.

He found that flesh wounds were singularly amenable to the effect of oxygen gas, and, though, when exposed to pure oxygen, the patient suffered considerable pain from the too marked effect produced, the healing power developed was quite distinct from anything known to the archives of treatment. He then tried a mixture of oxygen and pure air, and derived excellent results without any corresponding suffering. A great number of experiments followed, and the result is seen in the founding of the "Oxygen Home" in Fitzroy Square, where the treatment is carried on, the establishment being instituted to serve as a centre for instruction and public experiment in the use of oxygen as a curative agency.

The means employed are exceedingly simple. Oxygen is obtained commercially in cylinders, and is mixed with air in certain proportions. The patients, of whom some thirty are accommodated in the wards, do much as they please, without any direct medical or surgical regimen,the whole modus operandi being the constant exposure of the wounds with which they are afflicted to an atmosphere highly charged with oxygen gas. This is effected by enclosing the limb in a glass-lined receptacle so constructed as to be practically air-tight, the chamber being charged with the gas. In the case of injury to the eye, nose, etc., specially made masks are worn, through which a current of oxygen air is conveyed so as to play over the surface of the wound. And the results attained are simply marvellous. Among the cases treated is that of a man who has suffered from wounds in his leg which have prevented him getting about for thirty-five years. That man was treated for six months, and is now absolutely cured. Ordinary cases of burns or open sores which refuse to heal are cured (provided they have not existed very long) in a few weeks, and many burns, etc., have been entirely cured in a couple of days. Malignant diseases, hitherto regarded as incurable, and capable of being merely temporarily averted by the use of the knife, are cured in a few weeks, notably the fearful lupus, of which several cases have been cured, and two are at present in the house under daily improvement.

And most wonderful of all, wounds treated by the oxygen treatment do not cicatrise. No scar or sear is left as would be the case in an ordinary healing. The flesh does not join, but fresh flesh forms, and the result shows an even and a healthy skin where none at all previously existed. Mr. Stoker explains this by the theory that oxygen has a selective power, and discourages the growth of all pernicious bacteria, while it promotes the production of those requisite for healthy growth. And it is further important to note that the treatment is cheap, the cost of the gas being infinitesimal, and half a cubic foot sufficient for a man a whole day.


February, 1892

Her Most Gracious Majesty the Queen (Patron).
H.R.H. The Prince of Wales, K.G. (Patron and Past President).
H.R.H. Prince George of Wales, K.G.

(Members list includes)

                                                                                           Date of Election

Stoker, George MRCPS   Dunloe Castle   Beaufort RSO   Kerry     November 1891